A varietal wine is a type of wine produced primarily from a single type of grape, known as a "varietal". This means that at least 85% of the grapes used in wine production must come from a single grape variety. For example, if a wine is labeled "Cabernet Sauvignon," it means that at least 85% of the grapes used to make it are that specific type of grape.
Varietal wines are prized for their ability to express the unique characteristics of the grape from which they are produced. Each grape variety has its own particular aroma and flavor notes, influenced by the terroir, climatic conditions and the winemaking technique used. Therefore, a varietal Cabernet Sauvignon will have a different aroma and flavor profile than a varietal Pinot Noir, even though both are red wines.
Varietal wines offer consumers the chance to explore the different nuances of taste and aroma of grape varieties and find their favorite. However, it is important to note that in some cases it is allowed to add other grape varieties in small quantities (up to 15%) to improve the complexity of the wine without losing the varietal designation.